Pneumatology Pt. 1
On the show this week we dove into the doctrine of the Holy Spirit a bit and established some foundation before moving onto further discussion. Be sure to listen to that episode here.
When I was considering how to do the follow up for this particular episode, I decided I would outline some of the primary points that were made and the scriptures referenced. I hope this proves to be a helpful tool for your study of the Holy Spirit.
- The Holy Spirit has intellect
- 1 Corinthians 2:10, the term searches here means to investigate.
- 1 Corinthians 2:11, the Holy Spirit “knows the thoughts of God”, clear distinction made.
- The Holy Spirit bears witness (Romans 8:16).
- The Holy Spirit intercedes for saints (Romans 8:27)
- The Holy Spirit has a will (Acts 16:7) and distributes gifts as he “wills”.
- The Holy Spirit has emotions (Ephesians 4:30).
- John 14
- The Holy Spirit is a helper, advocate
- Designating by “he”, “whom”, and “who”
- Teaches, brings to remembrance things Jesus said
- The Holy Spirit is said to
- Testify (John 15:26)
- Guide (John 16:13)
- Convicts (John 16:18)
- Regenerates (John 5:21; Titus 3:5)
- Commands (Acts 13:2-4)
- Can be blasphemed (Matthew 12:31-32)
- Be the means of inspiration (2 Peter 1:21)
- Be Saint’s seal (Ephesians 1:13-14)
- Is a guarantee (2 Corinthians 1:21-22)
- Deity of the Holy Spirit
- Has life in himself (Romans 8:2)
- Knows all things (1 Corinthians 2:10-12)
- All powerful (Job 33:4)
- Can be everywhere (Psalm 139:7-10)
- Eternal (Hebrews 9:14)
- Holy (Matthew 12:32)
- Produces the love of God (Galatians 5:22)
- Spirit of truth (John 14:17)
- Additional notes:
- In the Old Testament the normative reading is “The Spirit of God” or “The Spirit of the Lord”. In the Old Testament God is called the Holy one of Israel, while in the New Testament “holy” is seldom applied to God in general but is often used to characterize the Holy Spirit. Berhkof in his Systematic Theology notes, “this in all probability due to the fact that it was especially in the Spirit and his sanctifying work that God revealed Himself as the Holy one.”
- In Greek, the word used for Spirit (pneuma) is neuter, which normally would have a pronoun hat is neuter, but the biblical writers placed masculine pronouns to designate the Holy Spirit (ex. John 15:26; 16:13-14).
While this follow up is brief, I hope you find it helpful! God bless you all and have a wonderful weekend.